Qualitative methods meant that the method that does not involves any measurements and statistics. The qualitative methods are in a wide range but in reality, the qualitative methods are some how basically restricted by the view of a researcher. Few of the most common qualitative methods are;
The case study is the older qualitative method; this study involves the specific persons and specific perspective. For example, Sigmund Freud wants to study the behaviors of individuals and very much involves in the psychological problems. Case study is not evaluated through its own; it uses other methods like direct observation and unstructured interviews. The case study should be written in a form that one can easily understand the problem stated in it. A good case study includes variety of data that is more than the description. Case study is the composition of three steps that are research, analysis and actual writing. Sometimes when the writing step starts, the researcher often go back to research so that to collect some more information.
Participant observation is actually the naturalistic based examination conducted by the sociologist and psychologists. Those are very much involved in examining the subcultures and life styles of different people considering their interests. In some of the cases it is obvious that the researcher becomes the part of participants to observe the actual factors. In order to establish knowledge about the culture it takes months or years for the researchers to become the part of such culture, so that assurance is made on the observations to be of natural phenomenon.
www.socialresearchmethod.com, accessed on April 9, 2012.
• Boeree, G. (2005) Qualitative Methods.
• Benbasat, I., Goldstein, D.K. and Mead, M. "The Case Research Strategy in Studies of Information Systems," MIS Quarterly (11:3) 1987, pp. 369-386.